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Photography Tips V1 by sandervandenberg Photography Tips V1 by sandervandenberg
Photography Hints and Tips
By Sander van den Berg

Introduction

Please note that Iím not a professional (well, not yet), nor do I imply that I am an authority on the field of photography. This is merely an overview of tips that might be useful to others. Itís things Iíve learned along the way. Some may be obvious to more experienced photographers. Also, some of the tips apply to digital photography only.



Composition

1. It might be a clichť, but the Rule of Thirds does work for good compositions. Centered subjects can work, but often it looks much more dynamic if you apply the rule of thirds.
This is how the rule of thirds works:
You virtually divide the view in 3 parts, horizontally and vertically (also see the picture attached to this tutorial). The points where the lines cross each other should be the points of interest. Please remember that there are exceptions, but this technique is a very handy tool.

2. Placement of the horizon. Avoid placing the horizon in the middle of the image. Often the point of interest is either part of the land or itís the sky, so youíd want to have that take up the majority of the shot. A shot with the horizon in the middle usually looks sort of ďstaticĒ.

3. Use reflections. Reflections are often an overlooked feature of nature. So also point your camera to water every now and then.


Techniques

1. Buy a tripod! (sort of speaks for itself)

2. If for whichever reason you donít have a tripod with you, but you do want to do a long exposure shot, use the self timer. You activate the self timer, meter, put your camera on a steady underground (a fence, a rock, etc) and press the shutter button. Long exposure shots done while holding the camera are a bad idea.

3. Use exposure compensation. I couldnít live without it. If you use a digital camera, play with the exposure a bit, to get the best result. Standard metering of the camera is not perfect, especially in harder conditions (snow, for instance, but also fog and direct sunlight).

4. Meter at several spots in your view. If you are trying to photograph a tree (for instance), but you also want the clouds to look good, itís possible that if you point at the tree, the sky will be one white sheet. A good technique to get the sky right is pointing at the sky, then moving you camera in the right position again and shoot (without metering again). Be sure that the tree is still sharp and not to dark.


General tips

1. Bring enough batteries. Itís a photographerís nightmare to be at an interesting, photogenic place without being able to shoot it. So always bring some spare batteries.

2. [digital camera only] If your camera tells you youíre almost out of batteries, but you still want to shoot some more, shut down the LCD screen. The LCD screen takes up a lot of battery power. By shutting it off and just using the viewfinder instead, you can usually take at least 20 more photos before it runs out.

3. Bring a plastic bag. Most cameras donít like rain. So if you do get into heavy water, make sure you have something to protect your gear.




Thatís basically all I can offer at this moment. If I think of anything else, Iíll add it.
I hope itís useful.
Add a Comment:
 
:iconmeridaninian:
MeridaNinian Featured By Owner Sep 28, 2012  Hobbyist Photographer
AH Technique #4 has been the bain of my existence lately, thank you!
Reply
:iconmskfotography:
mskfotography Featured By Owner Jul 8, 2011   Photographer
beautiful !!
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:iconvlasenko-shtyfurak:
Vlasenko-Shtyfurak Featured By Owner Apr 6, 2011
thanks)
Reply
:iconexcaflaun:
Excaflaun Featured By Owner Jan 18, 2011
Thanks for the info. This will help me a lot in my painting, choosing or fixing a pic. to the right composition.
Reply
:iconundergroundmemories:
UndergroundMemories Featured By Owner Jan 18, 2010  Student Photographer
This is veryy helpful...
Thank you
Reply
:iconnemark:
Nemark Featured By Owner Feb 3, 2009
what if we have just a standard digital not a fancy one that professionals have. Can we still work with one of those?
Reply
:iconsandervandenberg:
sandervandenberg Featured By Owner Feb 7, 2009   Photographer
Sure...most of it is applicable to any camera, like the composition part for instance. When I wrote this one, I actually didn't have a fancy DSLR. Well no DSLR, really ;)
Reply
:iconnemark:
Nemark Featured By Owner Feb 7, 2009
hmm thanku. I was just wondering. It helps.
Reply
:iconmollymews:
MollyMews Featured By Owner Dec 5, 2008
Super helpful! Especially the thirds rule, I never even thought about that.
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:iconsandervandenberg:
sandervandenberg Featured By Owner Dec 7, 2008   Photographer
I'm glad I could help :)
Reply
:iconphilstar:
philstar Featured By Owner Feb 1, 2008
hmm, okay. now i have to delete my uploaded pictures *g*

seriously, good explanation of some basics. lesson learned
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:iconsandervandenberg:
sandervandenberg Featured By Owner Feb 1, 2008   Photographer
Check out the updated version: [link]
;)
Reply
:iconrobert-kim-karen:
robert-kim-karen Featured By Owner Jan 7, 2008  Hobbyist Photographer
I've been at it a while, but still found this helpful aand interesting. Thanks fo sharing. :)
Reply
:iconsandervandenberg:
sandervandenberg Featured By Owner Jan 10, 2008   Photographer
This is pretty old by now...maybe I should do I revised version ;)
Glad it was helpful, though :)
Reply
:iconrobert-kim-karen:
robert-kim-karen Featured By Owner Jan 10, 2008  Hobbyist Photographer
Additional tips would be nice, but keep the basics in too. I plan on linking this to my daughter (just beginning) so she can learn from this too. Especially the basics on composition. :thumbsup:
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:iconsandervandenberg:
sandervandenberg Featured By Owner Jan 10, 2008   Photographer
I've uploaded an updated version: [link]

It has some more tips, and some sentences are rephrased to make them clearer. Hope it helps!
Reply
:iconrobert-kim-karen:
robert-kim-karen Featured By Owner Jan 10, 2008  Hobbyist Photographer
Looks good. I'll share that one as well.
Reply
:iconswitch-minds:
switch-minds Featured By Owner Dec 2, 2007
I have a question, Im kinda new in photography. What is exposure? Im like way too noobie T_T
Reply
:iconsandervandenberg:
sandervandenberg Featured By Owner Dec 2, 2007   Photographer
Exposure is when the film/sensor is exposed to light. Exposure time says something about how long that is and aperture says something about how much light comes in during that period.
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:iconhobo-kin:
Hobo-kin Featured By Owner Dec 31, 2006
That was helpful. Thank you.
Reply
:iconsandervandenberg:
sandervandenberg Featured By Owner Jan 6, 2007   Photographer
pleasure :)
Reply
:iconmixmedia:
mixmedia Featured By Owner Aug 9, 2006  Professional Digital Artist
nice and usefull tips.
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:iconsandervandenberg:
sandervandenberg Featured By Owner Aug 10, 2006   Photographer
Glad to hear :)
Reply
:iconpinkcatt-stock:
Pinkcatt-stock Featured By Owner May 1, 2006
Thank you, this was helpful. :heart:
Reply
:iconthetaoofskeeter:
TheTaoOfSkeeter Featured By Owner Oct 24, 2005
Thank You for this Tutorial m8

~Jerome~
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:iconsandervandenberg:
sandervandenberg Featured By Owner Oct 25, 2005   Photographer
No problem, I hope it helps you. :)
Reply
:iconindorock:
indorock Featured By Owner Oct 20, 2005
goed van je Sander! allemaal bruikbare tips :thumbsup:
Reply
:iconsandervandenberg:
sandervandenberg Featured By Owner Oct 20, 2005   Photographer
Die heb jij toch niet meer nodig? ;)
Het meeste is vrij basic, maar ach...
Reply
:iconseth-tod:
Seth-ToD Featured By Owner Oct 12, 2005   Digital Artist
Heh, this is really helpful! Especially, cause im a beginner at photography.
Reply
:iconsandervandenberg:
sandervandenberg Featured By Owner Oct 13, 2005   Photographer
:thumbsup:
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:iconhadibiscuits:
hadibiscuits Featured By Owner Sep 22, 2005
nice nice nice... thanks dude
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:iconsandervandenberg:
sandervandenberg Featured By Owner Sep 23, 2005   Photographer
:) Hope it helps!

And welcome to DA.
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:iconsmsailorneptune:
smsailorneptune Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2005
Thanks, that was extremely helpful. =D
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:iconsandervandenberg:
sandervandenberg Featured By Owner Aug 17, 2005   Photographer
Good :)
Reply
:iconlittlepeach:
LittlePeach Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2005   Traditional Artist
nice picture:)
Reply
:iconsandervandenberg:
sandervandenberg Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2005   Photographer
Well it's not mine...;)
It's an example.
Reply
:iconlittlepeach:
LittlePeach Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2005   Traditional Artist
hm..interesting:P
Reply
:iconolibariki:
olibariki Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2005  Hobbyist Photographer
This is very helpful!
It's a very good summary to remember the key points!
Thanks for this!
:wave:
Reply
:iconsandervandenberg:
sandervandenberg Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2005   Photographer
No worries...I hope it helps you :)
Reply
:icondsent:
DSent Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2005
Good work, I'm sure it will be very useful for beginners!

Here's a little addition (taken from Mastering Digital Photography by David Busch):

- Simplicity. This is the art of reducing your picture only to the elements that are needed to illustrate your idea. By avoiding extraneous subject matter, you can eliminate confusion and draw attention to the most important part of your picture.

- Choosing a center. Always have one main subject that captures the eye.

- Lines. Objects in your pictures can be arranged in straight or curving lines that lead the eye to the center of interest, often in appealing ways.

- Balance. We enjoy looking at photographs that are evenly balanced with interesting objects on both sides, rather than everything located on one side or another and nothing at all on the other side.

- Framing. In this sense, framing is not the boundaries of your picture but, rather, elements in a photograph that tend to create a frame-within-the-frame to highlight the center of interest.
Reply
:iconsandervandenberg:
sandervandenberg Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2005   Photographer
Good addition. Though most of that can be summarized as "Make sure there aren't any distracting elements" ;)
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:icongreendaypark:
GreenDayPark Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2005
thanks.
helpfull
Reply
:iconnoup:
noup Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2005
Man, that's a pretty cool tutorial. Well done. :nod:
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:iconsandervandenberg:
sandervandenberg Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2005   Photographer
:)
Reply
:iconelijahsnow:
ElijahSnow Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2005
wow, that's really helpful.

I probably won't use them for this account, but my ~FPX half feels enriched.

thanks you, Sander.
Reply
:iconsandervandenberg:
sandervandenberg Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2005   Photographer
Glad to be of service ;)
Reply
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